Cystic Acne Treatment in Singapore
Unlike conventional pimple treatments, cystic acne treatment requires a different approach and immediate medical attention due to the serious side effects that it may pose. These include deep ice pick scars, local soft tissue infection and spreading to the surrounding follicles (acne conglobata).
What is Cystic Acne?
Anyone can suffer from cystic acne in Singapore. When you have normal acne or pimples, there are small inflamed bumps on the face. However, when these bumps become more infected, a large pus-filled cavity forms deep inside the skin. This red, tender bump is termed cystic acne, which acne can grow really large and painful. If the cyst bursts, the infection may spread to the surrounding area and cause more breakouts.
Why do I get Cystic Acne?
Acne is a multifactorial condition. There are many contributing factors, including diet, genetics, hormones, condition of the pores and skin oiliness. If you are going through adolescence, your hormones are out of control and this causes excessive sebaceous gland activity. This causes your skin to be excessively oily. The excess oil will mix with dead skin flakes on the surface of the skin to form sticky plugs which will clog your pores.
When pores become blocked, oil collects in the pores and becomes a rich medium for bacteria to grow. This causes infection and inflammation, which consequently leads to pus formation. Ironically, pus is actually made up of white blood cells and is part of our immune system. When cystic acne occurs, the body’s immune system is actually too strong, that’s why too much pus is formed. This pus collects in a cyst, hence causing cystic acne. Picking on pimples can also lead to an excess growth of certain skin bacteria which can cause cystic acne.
What are the complications of Cystic Acne?
Cystic Acne is far more destructive to your skin than conventional acne. During the inflammation stage caused by the infection, the surrounding soft tissues of the skin are damaged. This leads to excessive scarring and depressed pits, ice pick scars, sometimes bumpy hypertrophic scars and even keloids..
If the infected cyst spreads to the surrounding sebaceous glands, multiple cysts may be formed. They tend to merge together, which forms a serious, deforming condition known as acne conglobata.
In severe cases, the skin and soft tissues around the cyst may become secondarily infected, leading to condition known as cellulitis, which may spread very rapidly. This skin infection may cause tenderness, skin tightness, areas of the inflamed red skin to grow larger, and may spread into the bloodstream, causing high fever, chills, sweating, muscle aches and pains.
Cystic Acne Treatment in Singapore
The treatment for cystic acne in Singapore is similar but at the same time different from conventional acne treatment. In this situation, we advise more urgent and aggressive treatment to quickly bring the acne under control. Some of the mainstays of treatment include:
We advocate the use of oral antibiotics or isotretinoin (Accutane/Nimegen/Oratane) which will quickly keep the inflammation under control. These medications are effective but also contain a high side effects profile. In order to safely use these treatments, it is important to monitor for common side effects, such as dryness of skin, eyes, lips and other mucous membranes. In addition, we need to check for blood and liver function, depression and muscular aches.
There is also a serious side effect of severe allergy, known as Stevens Johnson syndrome. As such, these oral treatments should be administered and used under the proper care and guidance of your doctor.
In recurring acne, pores can become damaged over time. When the acne often reoccurs on the same area or spot, it is often the same pore that is blocked and clogged which in turns leads to the return of acne.
In this situation, we need to perform a treatment known as AGNES. AGNES is a treatment available by The Clifford Clinic for reducing oil secretion by damaged sebaceous glands, preventing them from getting blocked in future and hence curing acne for good. Typically, with up to 3 sessions of AGNES you can expect to achieve an 85-90% reduction of acne, proving to be an effective cystic acne treatment in Singapore.
Skincare and Facials
At The Clifford Clinic, we provide a special range of in house skincare specially tailored for acne prone skin. This includes facial treatments that help to calm down the skin and reduce the acne inflammation, such as the Alphalight PDT treatment. They also help to reduce the clogging of pores and lowers the incidence of acne.
There is a range of lasers that are useful for cystic acne treatment in Singapore. These lasers help to target bacteria, reduce inflammation and prevent re-occurrence, as well as to promote scar healing and lightening. We usually use the Q-switched NdYAG laser, the Vbeam laser, and the long pulsed Diode laser for cystic acne treatment.
Ready for a Cure for Cystic Acne?
Contact us today to get a comprehensive assessment of your condition and to find out how to cure your cystic acne quickly and effectively. Prevent complications from happening by treating it early! Contact us today!
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