Psoriasis Treatment in Singapore
Psoriasis is a chronic skin condition that causes cells to build up rapidly on the surface of the skin. The extra skin cells form scales and red patches that are sometimes itchy and painful. Psoriasis is a common condition that affects about 2% of the population, and it can occur at any age. It is not contagious.
The exact cause of psoriasis is unknown, but it is thought to be related to an immune system problem. The immune system sends out faulty signals that speed up the growth cycle of skin cells. This causes the cells to build up on the surface of the skin too quickly, leading to the characteristic red, flaky patches of psoriasis.
Psoriasis is a chronic, immune-mediated skin condition that causes cells to build up rapidly on the surface of the skin, resulting in thick, red, scaly patches known as plaques. The most common form of psoriasis is plaque psoriasis, which affects about 80% of people with the condition. Other forms of psoriasis include guttate, inverse, pustular, and erythrodermic.
Plaque psoriasis appears as raised, red patches covered with a white or silver scale. Guttate psoriasis appears as small, red spots on the skin, usually on the trunk, arms, and legs. Inverse psoriasis appears as smooth, red patches in the folds of the skin, such as the armpits or groin. Pustular psoriasis appears as white pustules surrounded by red skin.
The exact cause of psoriasis is not fully understood, but it is thought to be a combination of genetic and environmental factors. It is known that the immune system plays a key role in the development of psoriasis. Specifically, the immune system produces a type of white blood cell called a T cell, which normally helps to protect the body from infection and disease. In people with psoriasis, however, the T cells attack healthy skin cells as if they were harmful invaders, leading to inflammation and the rapid production of new skin cells.
There are several treatment options available for psoriasis, including topical medications, phototherapy, and systemic medications. The most appropriate treatment will depend on the severity and location of the psoriasis, as well as the individual’s age, medical history, and preferences.
Topical treatments for psoriasis include creams, ointments, gels, and shampoos that are applied directly to the skin or scalp. These medications may contain a variety of ingredients, such as corticosteroids, vitamin D analogues, retinoids, coal tar, and salicylic acid. Corticosteroids are a type of anti-inflammatory medication that can help to reduce inflammation and redness. Vitamin D analogues work by slowing down the production of new skin cells, while retinoids can help to reduce inflammation and improve the shedding of dead skin cells. Coal tar can help to reduce itching and flaking, while salicylic acid can help to soften and remove scales.
UVB phototherapy, also known as narrowband UVB, is a type of treatment that uses a special machine to deliver UVB light to the skin. This can help to reduce inflammation and slow down the production of new skin cells. Pulse dye laser is a type of treatment that uses a laser to target and destroy blood vessels in the skin, which can help to reduce redness and improve the appearance of the skin.
To manage psoriasis, it is important to follow a regular skin care routine, avoid triggers that can worsen symptoms, and take prescribed medications as directed. Moisturizing the skin regularly can help to reduce dryness and scaling, and using gentle, non-irritating products can help to minimize irritation. Wearing loose, comfortable clothing can also help to reduce irritation. Avoiding triggers, such as stress, alcohol, and certain medications, can also help to prevent flare-ups. Finally, it is important to follow the prescribed treatment plan and take medications as directed by a healthcare provider.
In conclusion, psoriasis is a chronic skin condition that is characterized by thick, red, scaly patches on the skin. It is caused by the immune system attacking healthy skin cells, leading to inflammation and the rapid production of new skin cells. Treatment options for psoriasis include topical medications, phototherapy, and systemic medications, and the most appropriate treatment will depend on the individual’s specific needs. To manage psoriasis, it is important to follow a regular skin care routine, avoid triggers, and take prescribed medications as directed.
Here at The Clifford Clinic, Pulsed-Dye Laser, topical, and oral medications have been combined to treat plaque psoriasis in several weeks. With more than 10 years of experience in offering a range of treatment options like psoriasis and acne treatment in Singapore, our doctors are highly qualified and will make every effort to provide you with professional guidance and care.